Photo: Tomoko Yasumori


There are decorative tiles called azulejos everywhere in the city of Portugal. Its etymology is Arabic, and the remnants of Islamic culture that dominated the land long ago are still found everywhere.


Photo: Tomoko Yasumori


Every cafe has a lot of sweets and bread in the showcase. Pastries such as Pastel de Nata (egg tart) and Queijada (cheese tart) are classics. With a simple taste and appearance, bread is essential for Portuguese meals.

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トースタ・ミスタ   Tosta Mista



A toast sandwich baked with ham and cheese. It is a popular breakfast in Portugal. “Mista” means “mix”. It is Portuguese style to eat Tosta Mista with freshly squeezed orange juice.

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パン   Pão


ポルトガルの食卓に欠かせないのがパン。ふわふわの生地ではなく、ずっしり重いものが好まれます。日本のパンの語源もポルトガル語のPão (パン)。種子島に漂着したポルトガル船によって、鉄砲とともに伝わりました。


Bread is an essential part of the Portuguese meal. Portuguese prefer heavy breads rather than fluffy ones. The origin of Japanese “pan” (It means bread) is Portuguese “pão”. It came along with a gun by a Portuguese ship that had drifted to Tanegashima.

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サラダ   Salada


サラダは英語ではsalad (サラド)ですが、日本でサラダと発音するのは、ポルトガル語のsalada (サラダ )からきているようです。salは塩の意味。ポルトガルのサラダはドレッシングを使わず、塩とオリーブオイルでシンプルに味付けします。


 In Japan, salad is called “salada”. This seems to come from the Portuguese “salada”. “Sal” means “salt”. Portuguese salada is simply seasoned with salt and olive oil without any dressing.

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フロール・デ・サル   Flor de Sal




The finest natural sea salt that is still harvested by hand while still maintaining the traditional manufacturing method at the salt field in the national park in the Algarve region of southern Portugal. Flor de Sal means “flower of salt”.

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ヴィーニョ・ヴェルデ   Vinho Verde


アルコール度数が低めの微発泡ワイン。ヴィーニョ (vinho) はワイン、ヴェルデ (verde)は緑を意味します。完熟前のブドウを使って醸造することで生まれる、爽やかな味わいが特徴です。


A fine foam wine with a low alcohol content. “Vinho” means “wine” and “verde” means “green”. Because it is brewed from unripe grapes, it has a refreshing taste.

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ポルトガル   Portugal




Portugal is a country at the end of the Eurasian continent, located in the western edge of Europe. During the 15th and 17th centuries, Portugal took place large-scale voyages from Europe to Africa, Asia and America. Since the Portuguese ship drifted to Tanegashima in 1543, Portuguese things and culture, including Christianity and guns, came to Japan and became established. For Japan, Portugal is a distant and familiar country that has been in exchange for over 470 years.

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マルメラーダ   Marmelada


カリンに似た果物、マルメロを煮詰めてペースト状にし、砂糖を加えた後、型に入れて固めた、羊羹のようなお菓子です。英語のマーマレード (marmalade) の語源はこのマルメラーダに由来しています。


Marmelada is a traditional sweet of quince jam which is hardened in a mold. The origin of mamalade (in English) comes from marmelada.

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フェイジャオン   Feijão


インゲンマメなどの豆類の総称ですが、豆を煮込んだ料理のこともフェイジャオンと呼びます。豚肉や牛肉と一緒に煮込んだものはフェジョアーダ (feijoada)と、呼び方が変わります。


Although feijão is a general term for beans such as kidney beans, but the dish that stewed beans is also called feijão. It is called feijoada when beans are cooked with pork and beef etc.

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パン・デ・ロー   Pão-de-ló




Pão-de-ló is a traditional confectionery with an origin in a Portuguese monastery. It is essential for church offerings, family gatherings and celebrations. Pão-de-ló came to Nagasaki during the Grand Voyage era and it became the root of Castella.

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ポートワイン   Vinho do Porto




Port wine is the world's three largest spirit-enhanced wines (brandy is added). With the unique sweetness and deep body, it is popular throughout the world as an aperitif and after-meal.


Portuguese Republic





☆面積:約9.2万㎢ (日本の約4分の1)

☆民族: ポルトガル人(先住イベリア人、ケルト人、ゲルマン系などの混血)